French Presence in Illinois: Fort de Chartres

A short drive from the French colonial town of Prairie du Rocher on the Mississippi river floodplain is Fort de Chartres. The fort boasts a summer reenactment called the Rendezvous (although it would be hard to beat Lafayette, Indiana’s “Feast of the Hunter’s Moon” with its French voyageurs) as well as a traditional French  New Year’s Eve celebration called la Guignonee.

My way with architecture is to try to interact with it in some way.   This fort is incredibly photogenic and I scampered all over trying to capture with the camera what the eye was seeing. After a shot of the flood plain with ripe cornfields and the river road bluffs in the background, the photographs follow roughly my path through the fort: 1) next to parking lot at the side of the fort, the cannon with  Dolphin handles and writing in French 2) the entrance in the center of the front wall 3) officers barracks in the back where the museum is and where the winter festival is held, cart, some back buildings with oven 4) the little building with the buttresses and peaked roof  is the ammunition storage which is thought to be the oldest building in Illinois 5) a small turret (?) on the corner and some views through various windows 6) the sheltered platform over the front entrance with great views of the whole fort 7) plaques with explanations in French and English 8﴿ the front of the fort taken from the road.

The French in Illinois: Prairie du Rocher

Prairie du Rocher, along with the neighboring Fort de Chartres, was perhaps the earliest French center in Illinois. It is still known for keeping the French custom of la Guignonee (ghee-OH-nay), a New Year’s Eve wassailing tradition where costumed groups (including some college professors), go door to door singing for drinks. “We would start at the priest’s house”, said one long-time participant, “so he wouldn’t see how drunk we were after visiting the other houses.” A public celebration, with costumed dancers and fiddlers, is held at the nearby fort.

You can cross over to “Rocher”  on the Ste. Genevieve ferry, or go the long way around and cross the Mississippi at the bridge at Chester.

The town boasts a church, a bar, an American Legion Hall, and the Creole House, with the long porch and post-in-ground French architecture typical of the era.

The town and nearby fort are protected from seasonal flooding by levies with gates that can be closed.

Bluffs line the sides of the Mississippi.

A short drive along the bluff road leads to the historic home of Pierre Menard, a wealthy French Canadian fur trader and the first Lieutenant Governor of Illinois. The earthworks marking the site of Fort Kaskaskia are above the house, and can be reached by a wooden stairway.

“Rocher” is also famous for its annual summer “rendezvous” historical reenactment at nearby Fort de Chartres.   The bicentennial was perhaps the largest; here is a newspaper with a photo of the 1976 crowd on Rocher’s main street.

The French in Illinois: Fort Kaskaskia

This is the fort that never was. The French Fort Chartres and the corresponding town of Prairie du Rocher are a few miles away down on the flood plain, these days protected by a series of levies.

Drive a few miles east along the river and you come to the Pierre Menard home, where the Lieutenant Governor lived.  Climb up the steep hill behind the Menard home and you come to the site of Fort Kaskaskia.  Today there isn’t much more than a hint of the former earthworks:



A sign tells the history of how the “fort” changed hands between the various nations:

The sign says:

French Occupation (1703-1763). These timeworn earthworks are the remains of temporary fortifications designed to protect the town of Kaskaskia (founded in 1703), the southern anchor of France’s colony in the Illinois country. the first plans for this site, made in the 1730s, called for a substantial stone fort. They were soon abandoned as too expensive. French officials seeking to prevent British encroachment into Illinois determined again in 1751 to build a permanent stone fort at Kaskaskia. It was soon decided to instead build at the nearby site of the decayed second Fort de Chartres, located north of here. construction of a fort of earth and wood on this site began about 1759, but was probably never completed.
British Occupation (1763-1776). The fort of earth and wood played no role in the French and Indian Wars (1754-1763), which ended with the transfer of Illinois from France to Great Britain. British officers visiting here in 1766 found an earth work ruin containing two dilapidated buildings, collapsed gun platforms, and rotten timbers on the parapet. British authorities ignored this site and built a fortification known as Fort Gage in the town.
American Occupation (1778). The town of Kaskaskia was captured by American fores in 1778 and passed formally to American control as a result of the 1783 Treaty of Paris, which ended the Revolutionary War. The old fort served during the 1780s as headquarters of local freebooter John Dodge. The U.S. Army renovated the fort about 1803 and stationed troops here until 1807. The old post was last used during the War of 1812 as shelter by local residents fearing attack by Indian allies of the British.

It does have a commanding view of the river.


When Lewis and Clark traveled through this area, they recruited several of the fort’s soldiers for their expedition:

The sign says:

Looking For A Few Good Men. In 1803, President Thomas Jefferson sent Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to lead a “Corps of Discovery” up the Missouri river in search of a water route to the pacific. They arrived at Kaskaskia on November 29, looking for new recruits. Lewis and Clark sought strong young men, familiar with the woods, good at hunting and able to endure a long, difficult journey. they found twelve candidates from the troops stationed here–more than any other place along their route. “On my arrival at Kaskaskia, I made a selection of a sufficient number of men from the troops…to complete my party.” (Meriwether Lewis to President Thomas Jefferson 19 December 1803)

I’d go too.

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Blessed Eid

Eid mubarak!

Today is Eid al-Adha, the “greater Eid”, to honor those returning from a Mecca pilgrimage, as distinguished from the “lesser Eid”, the three day party following the month of Ramadan.  The graphic says “Eid Mubarak” عيد مبارك (blessed Eid) in Arabic and is adapted from a design from artist Salma Arastu (link to her website).

A quick glance at some mosque websites shows Adams Center in DC is collecting donations for a relief fund for the families of the victims at Fort Hood.  Why am I not surprised. (The button for prayer times in my right sidebar is a link to Adams.)

My local mosque?  The last time I heard, they were collecting donations to pay for a billboard to try to convert people to their religion.  And I thought Moslems weren’t supposed to proselytize.  Tsk.

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Suburbia walk

The snow promised for Thanksgiving Day hasn’t materialized. Yes, that’s a squirrel on the ground under the bird feeder.

Time for a walk.

Mostly the streets are the same concrete surface.

This area of Illinois is somewhat south of Chicago and enjoys a slightly longer growing season, as well as some unfamiliar (and familiar) plants.
Pumpkins.

Sugar gumballs.

The odd fruits of the Osage Orange, a shrub useful for non-decaying fence posts and hedgerows. The wood’s high oil, wax and silica content mean it will take a polish well, but is rarely used for woodworking since the silica also dulls saw blades and makes the sawdust toxic–you need a dust mask to work it.

Finally there is a boring park,…

…and a boring gated community.

After several days of eating someone else’s low sodium cardiac diet, not to mention having access to an indoor bicycle machine, I feel great.  But this is not really my milieu; I don’t feel at home here.  Nice for a day or two, no longer.

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Free library

I have no idea what makes a free library free–in the U.S. nobody pays to borrow books–but here is a library free enough to put the word in its name.

A certain percentage of a building’s budget now has to be spent on public art, so here is the obligatory statue:

One thing this library has that I have never seen before (outside of a Borders bookstore) is a coffee area. More libraries should be like this.

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Waiting

Yet another hospital waiting room. “This is about as interesting as watching paint dry.”

A quick search with the laptop turned up an “unnamed” unsecured “guest” router that could only have belonged to the hospital. But what mischief is this? Google translate is blocked! This is too bizarre a claim not to be true, but here is the screenshot.

I never knew Google Translate was such a troublemaker.

Unextirpated Turkeys

Happy holiday, safe travels, and thank you to all who are keeping our family in your prayers this week.

The beast pictured here is from the museum at Pere Marquette State Park in Illinois.  The small sign next to it says, “The wild turkey was extirpated from this area in the late 1800s.  Reintroduced into the park in 1979, the turkey has again become common in the area’s open woodlands and forests.”

Extirpated, huh.  Pretty drastic.

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Hittite Dictionary

“Did you know that 3500 years ago when Hittites said watar it meant the same as our English word water?” teases a display at Chicago’s  Oriental Institute.

It continues:

English and Hittite both belong to the Indo-European language family, of which Hittite is the oldest known member. This means that they share grammar and words: watar = English water. The Hittites lived in ancient Anatolia, which is now modern Turkey. Between 1650 and 1200 BC they were one of the great powers of the ancient Near East alongside Egypt, Assyria, and Babylonia. There are over 30,000 Hittite texts comprising laws, letters, annals, hymns and prayers, oracles and omens, myths, scenarios for religious celebrations and rituals, and even ancient dictionaries.

The Hittite dictionary project has been going since 1976. It has already been in print (I have seen a used three-volume set priced at $20 per volume).  The Chicago Hittite Dictionary is also free online (it downloads a Java application file first).

Other language projects at the Oriental Institute have not been so successful, at least yet. The oldest project, the Chicago Assyrian Dictionary, began in 1921, and is said to be nearly complete with 20 volumes so far. A project to supplement a 1954 glossary of Demotic Egyptian is also still underway; plans call for a hard copy and a CD-ROM as a final product.


Of course there are rumors the dictionary is already available in the members’ library upstairs.

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Substitute

It’s that time again. Fish and apples. This week I was inspired to reform myself, not a whole lot, just slightly, and instead of ordering chicken and beef enchiladas at the local taquería, I decided to go vegetarian and get the shrimp.  They were so good I got some more shrimp at the supermarket and fried them with a little olive oil and some Asian fish curry spices and ate it with spaghetti and tomato/basil sauce. Tonight the last of the shrimp gets the Australian treatment, along with an apple.  Only I don’t have all the right ingredients, so I will make do.

Fish and Bananas with Stone’s Ginger Wine
Bananas
Stone’s Ginger Wine
Substitute shrimp for fish
Red chili powder
Salt

Apples with raisins and Australian port
Apple (Granny Smith)
Bananas
Raisins
Substitute maple syrup (real) for honey
Cinnamon
Ground walnuts
Substitute key lime peel for lemon peel
Substitute black walnut ice cream for vanilla ice cream
Substitute brandy for port

By rights, this should be eaten with a small glass of the same Australian port used to flavor the apples, so I will substitute mulled ginger wine from the comments here (ingredients: Stone’s  ginger wine, brandy, fat-free half and half, pinch mahlab Arab baking spice).

Comment: The outcome?  Not good.  Everything was overcooked, except the ice cream.  I’m task oriented, not time oriented.  Next time everything will be stir fried in olive oil on top of the stove where I can see it cook.

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